Seleccionar página

This new femoral shoulder was enough time, anteverted, and anteroposteriorly compacted

The lower limb from H. naledi is set not merely from the a special mix of ancient and derived attributes, plus because of the presence away from book keeps on the femur and you can tibia. Like all other bipedal hominins, H. naledi and contains an effective valgus knee and you may varus foot. Muscle mass insertions toward M. gluteus maximus was good and femur features a highly-noted linea aspera having pilaster variably establish. The new tibia is mediolaterally compacted that have a circular prior edging, a large proximal accessory for the M. tibialis rear, and a thin medial malleolus. The fresh fibula are gracile that have sideways based horizontal malleolus, a fairly circular neck and you can an effective convex body towards the proximal attachment of your Meters. peroneus longus. Unique possess regarding all the way down limb regarding H. naledi include a depression on the advanced facet of the femoral neck you to leads to a couple of mediolaterally oriented pillars inferoposteriorly and you can superoanteriorly, and you may a powerful distal attachment of your own pes anserinus to your tibia.

The new foot and you can foot regarding H. naledi try mainly humanlike (Profile 9). This new tibia really stands orthogonally up on this new talus, that’s moderately wedged, that have a beneficial mediolaterally apartment trochlea with medial and you may lateral margins at actually level, a questionnaire not the same as the new good keeling noticed in OH 8 (H. habilis) and some tali out-of Koobi Fora. The new talar head and neck exhibit solid, humanlike torsion; the brand new lateral position is higher than in most human beings, similar to one included in australopiths. The fresh calcaneus is moderately sturdy, but and has this new plantar declination of your retrotrochlear eminence and you will plantarly organized lateral plantar procedure used in one another progressive people and you may Au. afarensis. The peroneal trochlea was quick, in lieu of one to included in australopiths and equivalent merely to you to definitely during the H. sapiens and you will Neanderthals. The new talonavicular, subtalar joints and you will calcaneocuboid bones was humanlike in possessing minimal ranges of movement and you will proof to own a locking, rigid midfoot. The new intermediate and you may horizontal cuneiforms are proximodistally elongated. naledi owned a keen adducted, non-gripping hallux. Your mind of one’s earliest metatarsal was mediolaterally extended dorsally, indicative regarding a great humanlike windlass procedure. The latest legs and contains humanlike metatarsal lengths, direct proportions, and you will torsion.

The latest phalanges was moderately curved, a bit more so compared to H. sapiens. The only Dundee free hookup dating sites real primitive anatomies found in the ft out-of H. naledi are definitely the talar lead and you will neck declination and you can sustentaculum tali basics, suggestive off a lesser arched foot which have a very plantarly organized and you may horizontally inclined medial line than simply generally speaking found in progressive human beings (Harcourt-Smith et al., 2015).

The new patella is fairly anteroposteriorly dense

The newest axial skeleton gifts a combination of derived (mainly aspects of the vertebrae) and you can relatively primitive (generally the ribs) attributes. New maintained adult T10 and you can T11 vertebrae are proportioned much like Pleistocene Homo, with transverse techniques morphology extremely like Neandertals. New neural canals of those vertebrae is actually higher when comparing to the latest diminutive overall size of this new vertebrae, proportionally remembering Dmanisi H. erectus, Neandertals, and modern individuals. The newest 11th rib are straight (uncurved), similar to Bien au. afarensis, plus the model of the top rib cage seems slim, because the assessed off earliest and you will next rib fragments, recommending that thorax is pyramidal in shape. Brand new 12th rib merchandise a powerful axle cross-part extremely exactly like Neandertals. This consolidation isn’t included in other hominins and can even mirror allometric scaling from the a tiny trunk area proportions.

The hallucal tarsometatarsal shared is actually flat and you may proximodistally lined up exhibiting one to H

The fresh Dinaledi iliac blade are flared and you can shortened anteroposteriorly, like Au. afarensis otherwise Au. africanus. Brand new ischium try short which have a thin tuberoacetabular sulcus, and the ischiopubic and you can iliopubic rami was thick, resembling Au. sediba and you may H. erectus. So it mixture of iliac and you will ischiopubic has actually was not receive various other fossil hominins (Profile 13).

Abrir chat
Si necesitas ayuda, escríbeme e intentaré responderte lo antes posible.